καταβαίνω

καταβαίνω, [dialect] Dor. [full] κᾰβαίνω Alcm.38: [tense] fut.
A

-βήσομαι Hes.Th.750

, etc.: [tense] pf. -βέβηκα; [dialect] Boeot. part.

καταβεβάων IG7.3055

: [tense] aor.

κατέβην Il.10.541

, Pi.O.9.43, etc.; poet. [ per.] 3pl.

κατέβαν Il.24.329

,

κατέβησαν LXX 2 Ki.23.13

; imper.

κατάβηθι Od.23.20

, Ar.Lys.873, [dialect] Lacon.

κάβασι Hsch.

,

κατάβᾱ Ar.V.979

, Ra.35; [dialect] Ep. [ per.] 1pl. subj. καταβήομεν (v.l. -βείομεν) Il.10.97; late [ per.] 3sg. opt.

κατάβοι LXX 2 Ki.1.21

(cod. B), Conon 45.2J.; poet. part.

καββάς Pi.N.6.51

; [dialect] Ep. inf.

καταβήμεναι Il.14.19

:—[voice] Med., [dialect] Ep. [tense] aor. 1

κατεβήσετο 6.288

, 13.17, Od.2.337, al. (with v.l. κατεβήσατο); imper.

καταβήσεο Il.5.109

:—go or come down from . . , c. gen., πόλιος κ. 24.329; οὐρανόθεν κ. 11.184;

Παρνασοῦ Pi.O.9.43

, etc.: also with Preps.,

ἐξ ὄρεος Il.13.17

;

ἐς πεδίον 3.252

, etc.: also c. acc. loci,

θάλαμον κατεβήσετο Od.2.337

; κ. Ἀΐδαν, Ἀΐδα δόμον, S.Ant.822 (anap.), E.Heracl.913 (lyr.); but

κατέβην δόμον Ἄϊδος εἴσω Od.23.252

(later abs., die, Lib.Or.38.16); ἔσω κ. Hes.Th.750: also c. acc. in quite different senses, κατέβαιν' ὑπερώϊα she came down from the upper floor, Od.18.206, 23.85; κλίμακα κατεβήσετο came down the ladder, 1.330 (

κ. κατὰ τῆς κλίμακος Lys. 1.9

); ξεστὸν ἐφόλκαιον καταβάς having got down by the lading-plank, Od.14.350: abs., καταβαίνειν δ' οὐ σχολή come downstairs, Ar. Ach.409; esp.
1 dismount from a chariot or from horseback,

δίφρου Il.5.109

;

ἐκ τῆς ἁρμαμάξης Hdt.9.76

;

ἀφ' ἁρμάτων Pi.N.6.51

;

ἀπὸ τοῦ ἵππου X.Cyr.5.5.6

; but κ. ἀπὸ τῶν ἵππων give up riding, D.42.24, cf. Arist.Ath.49.1:—hence in [voice] Pass., ἵππος καταβαίνεται the horse is dismounted from, X.Eq.11.7.
2 go down from the inland parts to the sea, esp. from central Asia (cf.

ἀναβαίνω 11.3

), Hdt.1.94, etc.; also from Athens, κ. ἐς Πειραιᾶ, ἐς λιμένα, Pl.R.327a, Tht.142a.
3 go down into the scene of contest, γυμνὸν ἐπὶ στάδιον κ. Pi.P.11.49; κ. ἐπ' αὐτὸ τοῦτο (sc. τὸ ἀεθλεύειν) Hdt.5.22: abs., = Lat. in certamen descendere, Pi.N.3.42, S.Tr.504(lyr.), X.An.4.8.27; cf. καταβατέον; μέτρῳ καταβαίνειν 'seek no more contests' (μέτρῳ by litotes for μή), Pi.P.8.78; μεθ' ὅπλων κ. Pl.Lg.834c.
4 of an orator, come down from the tribune, Lys.12.92, D.19.23, etc.; rarely in full, κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ βήματος ib.113; so

κατάβα.--καταβήσομαι Ar.V.979

; later, also κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ λόγου, ἀπὸ τῶν ἰαμβείων, to cease from . . , Luc.Tox.35, Nec.1.
5 less freq. of things,

πρὶν . . καταβήμεναι ἐκ Διὸς οὖρον Il.14.19

; of tears, E.Andr.111 (eleg.); of streams, Pl.Criti.118d; of the womb, Arist.HA582b24; πόσσω κατέβα τοι ἀφ' ἱστῶ; at what price did [the robe] come down from the loom?
Theoc.15.35; of the heavenly bodies, set, Vett.Val.31.3.
II metaph.,
1 attain,

πόμπιμον κατέβαινε νόστου τέλος Pi.N.3.25

;

κ. ἐπὶ τελευτήν Pl.R.511b

: abs., attain one's end, ἐν φάει κ. Pi.N.4.38; simply, come to, arrive at in course of speaking, κατέβαινε ἐς λιτάς he ended with prayer, Hdt.1.116: usu. c. part., κατέβαινε αὖτις παραιτεόμενος ib.90, cf. 118, 9.94; καταβάς, of a writer, Eun.VSp.454B.
2 κ. εἰς . . conform to,

εἰς τοὺς Χρόνους κ. τούτους Arist.Pol.1335a11

.
3 condescend, Timocl.1.2 D.
4 fall in value, POxy.1223.33 (iv A.D.), cf. Poll.1.51.
5 λέγεται μηδὲν αὐτοῖς τούτων καταβαίνειν, of abusive language, does not affect them or get home, Chrysipp.Stoic.2.242.

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • καταβαίνω — go pres subj act 1st sg καταβαίνω go pres ind act 1st sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαίνω — (AM καταβαίνω) βλ. κατεβαίνω …   Dictionary of Greek

  • καταβαίνετον — καταβαίνω go pres imperat act 2nd dual καταβαίνω go pres ind act 3rd dual καταβαίνω go pres ind act 2nd dual καταβαίνω go imperf ind act 2nd dual (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • κατέβαν — καταβαίνω go aor ind act 3rd pl (epic) κατέβᾱν , καταβαίνω go aor ind act 3rd pl (doric) καταβαίνω go aor ind act 1st sg (epic) κατέβᾱν , καταβαίνω go aor ind act 1st sg (doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαίνετε — καταβαίνω go pres imperat act 2nd pl καταβαίνω go pres ind act 2nd pl καταβαίνω go imperf ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαίνῃ — καταβαίνω go pres subj mp 2nd sg καταβαίνω go pres ind mp 2nd sg καταβαίνω go pres subj act 3rd sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβήσω — καταβαίνω go aor subj act 1st sg καταβαίνω go fut ind act 1st sg καταβαίνω go aor ind mid 2nd sg (epic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαινόντων — καταβαίνω go pres part act masc/neut gen pl καταβαίνω go pres imperat act 3rd pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαῖνον — καταβαίνω go pres part act masc voc sg καταβαίνω go pres part act neut nom/voc/acc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαίνει — καταβαίνω go pres ind mp 2nd sg καταβαίνω go pres ind act 3rd sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • καταβαίνομεν — καταβαίνω go pres ind act 1st pl καταβαίνω go imperf ind act 1st pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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